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二阶段进阶能力评估考试样题(笔译方向)

2015-4-27 10:30| 发布者: 王一川| 查看: 1777| 评论: 0

摘要: 考试样题

考试样题

英译汉

(1)    Britons tried out an emerging technology that could put mobile telephones within the reach of even modest domestic budgets.

英国人研制出了一种新兴的技术,即便是收入较低的家庭也能用得起移动电话。

(2)    To know the thoughts and deeds that have marked man’s progress is to feel the great heart-throbs of humanity through the centuries.

这些思想和行为体现了人类多少个世纪以来的发展和进步。要想理解这些思想和行为,就需要去感受蕴藏于其中的伟大的人文精神及其表现形式。

(3)    Even if the likelihood of another financial crisis is relatively small, that’s the kind of problems the Administration should tackle, and quickly.

即便发生另一场金融危机的可能性相对较小,这也是政府应当着手迅速解决的难题。

Research (and common sense!) suggests (4) it’s easier and better to start good habits and avoid bad ones when we are young. (5) A study by Larry Jacoby, professor of psychology at Washington University, “confirmed that the responses we learn first are those that remain stronger over time.” (6) The study, published in the November issue of Psychological Science, suggests that old habits are relatively automatic, while new learning requires control.

研究(实际上也是常识)表明,(4) 一个人在年幼时/年轻时(比成年后)更容易养成良好的习惯,同时改掉坏习惯(也更容易),这么做(对这个人)也更为有利。(5) 华盛顿大学心理学教授拉里•雅各比(Larry Jacoby)发表了一篇研究报告,“证实了这样一种观点:我们最先学到的也是最难改掉的。”(6) 这份报告发表在《心理科学》(Psychological Science)今年11月期上。该报告还表明,根深蒂固的习惯都是不由自主的,而养成新的习惯需要控制力。

As for items like perfume and lotion, it’s a good idea to put out a little cash for these, too. You put these products on your skin and in sensitive places. (7) These products undergo a degree of testing for safety and effectiveness. When you buy a fake, you may get a product that hasn’t been extensively tested. An ABC News report examined counterfeit perfume. (8) “Active ingredients found in counterfeit fragrance include things like urine, bacteria, and antifreeze,” Valerie Salembier, senior vice president and publisher of Harper’s Bazaar, said to ABC.

(7) 为了确保安全和功效,这些产品都得经过一系列的测试。

(8) 《时尚芭莎》杂志高级副总裁兼出版商瓦莱丽•萨伦比尔(Valerie Salembier)在接受该广播公司采访时称,“在假冒香水中已发现人尿、细菌和防冻剂等活性成分。”


汉译英

(1) 部分游客可能担心物价可能上浮而暂时修改了出行的计划。

(1a) Some of the holidaymakers have changed their travel plans, worrying that the price of commodities may go up.

(1b) Some tourists have changed their travelling plans, fretting /worried /concerned that there probably would be price hikes.

(1c) Worried that prices might probably rise, some tourists have recently changed their travel plans.

(2) 随着雾霾的不断加重,人们对于优质的空气渴望也越来越强烈。

(2) Seeing the haze and smog problem getting worse and worse, people long for/want better air /improved air quality.

(3) 今年贸易顺差创新高,主要原因不是出口走强,而是进口增幅放缓。

(3) The main reason why trade surplus hit a new high this year is not the strong export, but the slowdown in the growth of import.

(4) 公司坐落于风景秀丽、环境幽雅的新加坡苏州工业园区,(5) 紧依着312国道、沪宁高速和苏嘉杭高速,(6) 西邻无锡东接昆山,距上海60公里,交通便利。

(4) The company is located in Sino-Singapore Suzhou Industrial Park, Suzhou, Jiangsu province, where the landscape is beautiful and the environment is quiet. (5) Adjacent to the No.312 State Highway, Shanghai-Nanjing Expressway and Suzhou-Jiaxing-Hangzhou Expressway, the park is only 60km away from Shanghai in the east. (6) Bordering on Wuxi to the west and Kunshan to the east, it is easily accessible.

去年3月,雅戈尔新品XY衬衫的市场推广活动在全国范围内展开,(7) 以此进一步拓展XY衬衫的市场知名度和美誉度,巩固和扩大XY衬衫的忠诚消费群。尽管XY衬衫的单价在800元以上,但半年多来,还是受到社会精英人士的青睐,XY衬衫已成为雅戈尔一个新的利润增长点。XY全棉免熨精品衬衫于去年11月被评为“国家重点新产品”。

(7)To enhance the market awareness of the new XY shirt and improve brand loyalty for the purpose of market share expansion.